Science, technology, and innovation have become increasingly relevant in recent years and have become a fundamental determinant of the possibilities to grow and compete in the world market. Latin America and the Caribbean have made progress in investment in R&D. Their levels continue to be thriving countries on the technological frontier.
Innovation is a central component in the development strategy of countries. It is defined as a dynamic process of interaction that unites agents that work guided by market incentives (companies). Other institutions (such as public research centers and academic institutions) act according to strategies and rules that respond to market incentives: other mechanisms and incentive schemes.
Economic And Institutional
A central aspect related to innovation is the cooperation between various agents, public and private. So the systemic dimension of creation is central to modern theories of technological learning. The systematic links and interaction between actors and the economic and institutional infrastructure that each country can develop, known as the National Innovation System (SNI), determine its ability to capture the impulse that knowledge gives to production and innovation. It makes us enter a virtuous circle of growth and inclusion.
The SNI is defined as the set of agents, institutions, and regulations that support the processes of incorporating technology. It has been called the innovation system – generally national innovation systems – that determines the rate of generation, adaptation, acquisition, and diffusion of innovations. Technological knowledge in all productive activities, on the other hand, the number of actors and institutions is essential to determine the scope of the system. Still, the density and frequency of relationships between the different agents that make up the system is a definite factor in scientific and technological development possibilities. Of the countries,
Science And Technology As Creative Forces Of Modern Society
Technological products constitute one of the results of man’s creative activity. The comprehensive and adapt the picture of reality to the community’s needs. Contrary to what happens with the knowledge provided by science, these products first have an exemplary character and, later, adopt a specific material form.
Biological systems fundamentally adapt to the surrounding situation; unlike these, human society, with a social essence, shows itself as a system that modifies the environment – exerts a
Both science and technology have become an instant creative force in modern society. A necessary factor in the production method exerts a growing influence not only on the material -and even spiritual- elements of labour forces but also on all spheres of human activity.
The systematic use of scientific knowledge and new material forms produced in the technological sector has been force as a condition for social development. Its use constitutes one of the trends that most strongly characterizes modern society and exerts an ever-increasing thrust on it.
historical growth of science and technology is only one aspect of the historical development of the human being, as the primary creative force of society
How Science And Technology Are Related?
Therefore, the main difference between science and technology is their objective. While science helps us know the world, describe it, and improve our knowledge. The technology aims to modify it and adapt it to our needs. However, the relationship between both disciplines is close and intimate, so we tend to confuse them.
But what is the connection between science and technology? It’s simple: both use each other’s advances to reach their goal. The technology uses the knowledge produced by science to improve its technique. Science uses advanced technology to carry out more precise, concrete and practical research.
In addition, on many occasions, scientific research is directed towards a specific direction or a specific field aim at solving technical questions, as can happen with cell biology. On the other hand, new technologies, such as genetic engineering, appear after scientific advances, sometimes even unexpected.
For all these reasons, the relationship between science and technology is such that, as we have mentioned. They are often confuse to the point of using expressions such as ” apply science “. Which is nothing more than an activity that mixes both activities and is halfway between the two. two disciplines
Science and technology are two fundamental instruments in transforming and developing any society. It is essential to know the definition disciplines, their objectives and the fields of action in each of these areas
The technology aims to generate valuable and practical solutions to improve our daily lives. It is not intend to know the world through technology but to modify and adapt it to human content needs. That is to say. Its impartiality is not information but application. So we consider that expertise is always rummage-sale. Some exact thing from any manufacture of objects to the cure of illnesses—commercial or economic utility or our communication, among others—many other application areas.