Communication technology, in this way, is related to the theories and artifacts that enable the development of communicative practices. The notion is generally used in conjunction with information technology, which refers to computers (computers) and other equipment to store, process, and transmit data.
ICT is the acronym that corresponds to Information and Communication technology. And while there are other concepts such as NTICS (New Information and Communication technology) or IT (Information Technologies) allude to the same thing, ICT acronyms are the most frequently used and refer to the techniques and tools used for the transmission of information.
Information And Communication Technologies
information and Communication technology (ICT) generated a digital revolution by breaking down the barriers of space and time that existed a few years ago, giving way to a reinvention in the economy, innovation and global competitiveness.
These are the result of the interaction of telecommunications and information technology. Whose most representative element is the computer, specifically the Internet.
But what are ICTs? Well, they are the set of technologies that allow access, production, processing, treatment, storage, transmission and communication of information
What Makes up Information and Communication Technologies?
Terminals, networks and services, therefore, can also be classified according to whether they use one or another of these elements.
Concerning the devices, much has been advanced. Since its appearance, the computer has evolved and continues to do so at a dizzying pace, like the peripheral devices that complement it, offering other possibilities.
Technology has not stagnated in computers. It surprises us by introducing new types of terminals in our lives or by improving their characteristics. What happened to that mobile phone whose only function was to call. Also now they are much more sophisticated devices that have revolutionized communication. Some examples are video calling, free text messaging apps, social media, etc.
Technology has not Stagnated in Computers
The network that allows devices to be interconnected would be the Internet. Its impact on society cannot be explain in a few lines, but it is what makes this world go round. ICTs have done hard work in the field of networks. Improving fixed telephony, mobile telephony, and the Internet itself, going from the telephone connection to broadband, then to fiber optics and connecting to mobile phones.
Advantages of ICT
Information and communication technologies have some characteristics that have changed the way people communicate around the world:
- Instantaneity: the speed with which information is transfer
- Immateriality: the data can be transfer immediately to any place, and multiple users
- Interconnection: the blending of different technologies that enable the creation of new tools
- Interactivity: the exchange of information between users and devices
- Scope: impact capacity in diverse areas such as the economy, education, medicine, government, etc.
- Innovation: all the time, they are growing and changing to create new means of communication
- Diversity: they perform more than one function, so they serve different purposes
ICT in the Economy
Finally, in spaces such as companies, the ICTs that we take for granted today, such as email, are tools that have revolutionized and made the effectiveness and productivity of workers better and better over time. One of the ICTs that is in fashion due to its undeniable energy is Big data, a set of numerous data of all kinds that, when decoded, can reveal information that could not be use before. Also within this concept of big data, we must also include the technology that makes it possible to compile, classify, manage and analyze large amounts of information. We are also talking about sets with an approximate size of 30-50 terabytes that require non-relational databases and statistical programs for their proper visualization
Main Characteristics of ICT
Image And Sound Quality
Technological advances have made it possible to raise the parameters of high-quality multimedia transmissions, increasing the reliability of the information transmitted.
The information of different types (sound, images, animations, text, among others) is transmit digitally and must be represent in a single universal format.
Penetration In All Sectors of Society
The impact of information and communication technologies extends to all sectors of society. It also is reflect in the cultural, educational, economic, and industrial sectors, among others.
ICTs are always in constant innovation and change, which allows the transfer of information and communication to be better and better.
They carry out the creation, processing and communication of immaterial information that can be taken in a wholly transparent and instantaneous way to any place and multiple users.
Being the information in multiple codes and forms, it’s raw material.
It is probably an essential feature of information and communication technologies. And it consists in allowing the exchange of information machine and the user, adapting, depending on the interaction, also the resources used to the needs and particularities subject.
This new form of information dispensation combines communication technologies (CT) and information technologies (IT). Also the former comprises radio, telephone, and television—the latter focuses on digitizing content recording technologies.